There are multiple methods used to control a person’s myopia (nearsightedness). Myopia control is very important for a number of reasons: Myopia can cause retinal holes, tears or detachments, the likelihood of cataract development is twice as high among people with myopia, glaucoma prevalence increases, myopia macular degeneration exists, among other serious conditions.
Myopia, another term for nearsightedness, is when someone has trouble seeing at a distance without glasses or standard contact lenses. Progression of myopia leads to an increase in the elongation of the eyeball causing multiple visual impairments. School aged children typically develop and show progression of myopia, which can stabilize in their 20s. However, myopia is also seen to develop in adults and progress later in life.
Risks of Myopia:
-Retinal holes, tears, detachments
-The development of cataracts is twice as high among those with myopia
-Glaucoma prevalence increases
-Myopic macular degeneration
-Many retinal risks affect your vision
Developmental/Progression Risks of Myopia
-More than 1.5 hours of technology use per day
-Not enough time outdoors
Importance of Myopia Control:
Controlling a person’s myopia drastically slows down the elongation process of the eyeball. This can be done in various ways. It is very important to slow the progression of myopia to decrease the likelihood of all previously discussed risks associated with this disease.
So, how do we control it?
- OrthokeratologyOrtho-K (aka corneal molding, corneal reshaping and corneal refractive therapy) is the use of gas permeable hard contact lenses that you sleep in to temporarily change the shape of the cornea to reduce and slow progression of myopia. When you remove them in the morning, you’re able to see clearly without the use of glasses or contacts.
- Bifocals/ Progressive Lenses
- Multifocal Contact Lenses
- Atropine Drops
- Atropine drops are diluted dilating drops that are typically given at bedtime to relax the focusing system, which significantly reduces the progression of nearsightedness.